The importation and popularity of fundamental conservative Christianity can be said to have influenced heavily on Africans who argue that homosexuality, abortion and other liberal social values and perspective are western import. If asked, many African people and nations of majority African-descendants who are anti-gay, would say that it is not their culture. But is this conservative reality changing in those generations further from their ancestral roots, like those in the Caribbean.
Social change in the colonial period created modernization in the colonies that held the imported African slaves and may have had a significant influence on the moral and social perspective of said slaves. When a society modernizes, its inhabitants respond more favorably to social changes. Or conversely, as the society is forced by powerful external forces to adjust, its inhabitants find themselves more and more responsive to social changes.
When modernization is involved in the process: Traditional religious systems tend to lose influence. Often powerful nonreligious ideologies, such as nationalism, arise. Traditional privileges and authority become less important. Personal choice, not the dictates of parents, becomes critical. At the same time, the mass media serve as a vast educational resource and information channel. Informal customs decay as new techniques of socialization and unfamiliar systems of formal law arise.
Attitude and values will begin to evolve in any developing nations like those of the Caribbean societies are likely to be too gradual to be noticed. A rapidly changing society however has a different attitude toward change and this attitude is both cause and effect of the changes already taking place. They are somewhat skeptical and critical of some parts of their traditional culture and will consider and experiment with innovations. Such attitudes powerfully stimulate the proposal and acceptance of changes by individuals within the society.
For example, in Africa last summer, former United States president, Barack Obama, addressed legal discrimination against LGBT individuals. Meeting the Kenyan president, Uhuru Kenyatta, Obama said: “When you start treating people differently not because of any harm they are doing to anybody, but because they are different, that’s the path whereby freedoms begin to erode.” This shows the progress made in developed nation that has become increasingly open to progressive ideology.
In return the Kenyan president responded: “The fact of the matter is Kenya and the U.S. share so many values: common love for democracy, entrepreneurship, value for families — these are some things that we share,” Kenyatta said. “But there are some things that we must admit we don’t share. Our culture, our societies don’t accept.”
Different groups within a locality or a society may show differing openness to change but every changing society has its liberals and its conservatives. Literate and educated people tend to accept changes more readily than the illiterate and uneducated. Modernization and Change in Attitudes and values affect both the amount and the direction of social change, this mixture has seen a steady shift in how many black societies are viewing social issues.